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Kasmin Gallery

Louisiana Suite

  • Keith Sonnier
  • 0cf6d194 83c1 4622 c04d 562401be25b7

Press for Louisiana Suite

Current Exhibitions at Kasmin Gallery


The New York Years

  • William N. Copley,
  • Opens: Mar. 11, 2020
  • Closes: Apr. 22, 2020
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Alma Allen

  • Alma Allen,
  • Opens: Jan. 23, 2020
  • Closes: Mar. 04, 2020
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Significant Form

  • Elie Nadelman,
  • Opens: Nov. 07, 2019
  • Closes: Dec. 21, 2019
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Louisiana Suite

  • Keith Sonnier
  • Opens: Nov. 21, 2019
  • Closes: Jan. 11, 2020
  • Reception: Nov. 21, 2019
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Elemental

  • Carl Andre,
  • Daniel Buren,
  • Simon Hantaï,
  • François Morellet,
  • Olivier Mosset,
  • Richard Nonas,
  • Carol Rama,
  • Robert Ryman,
  • Bernar Venet,
  • Opens: Sep. 26, 2019
  • Closes: Nov. 02, 2019
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Two Paintings

  • James Rosenquist,
  • Opens: Oct. 17, 2019
  • Closes: Nov. 16, 2019
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Indeterminate Hypothesis

  • Bernar Venet,
  • Opens: Sep. 12, 2019
  • Closes: Oct. 12, 2019
  • Reception: Sep. 12, 2019
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Painters of the East End

  • Mary Abbott,
  • Nell Blaine,
  • Perle Fine,
  • Helen Frankenthaler,
  • Jane Freilicher,
  • Elaine de Kooning,
  • Lee Krasner,
  • Joan Mitchell,
  • Charlotte Park,
  • Betty Parsons,
  • Jane Wilson,
  • Opens: Jul. 11, 2019
  • Closes: Aug. 16, 2019
  • Reception: Jul. 11, 2019
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Levity/Density

  • Alexander Calder,
  • John Chamberlain,
  • Mark di Suvero,
  • Alicja Kwade,
  • George Rickey,
  • Joel Shapiro,
  • David Smith,
  • Opens: Jul. 11, 2019
  • Closes: Aug. 16, 2019
  • Reception: Jul. 11, 2019
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Monuments

  • James Nares,
  • Opens: May. 23, 2019
  • Closes: Jun. 29, 2019
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Brancusi: The Photographer

  • Constantin Brancusi,
  • Opens: May. 16, 2019
  • Closes: Jun. 29, 2019
  • Reception: May. 16, 2019
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Corks

  • Jasper Morrison,
  • Opens: May. 09, 2019
  • Closes: Jun. 29, 2019
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Sheer Presence: Monumental Paintings By Robert Motherwell

  • Robert Motherwell,
  • Opens: Mar. 21, 2019
  • Closes: May. 18, 2019
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Plants, Minerals, And Animals

  • David Wiseman,
  • Opens: Mar. 14, 2019
  • Closes: Apr. 27, 2019
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Dedicated

  • Naama Tsabar,
  • Opens: Mar. 13, 2019
  • Closes: May. 04, 2019
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

A Different Pose

  • Jan-Ole Schiemann,
  • Opens: Mar. 07, 2019
  • Closes: May. 04, 2019
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

weald

  • Theodora Allen,
  • Opens: Jan. 24, 2019
  • Closes: Mar. 09, 2019
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Polaroid Portraits

  • Andy Warhol,
  • Opens: Jan. 24, 2019
  • Closes: Mar. 02, 2019
  • Reception: Jan. 24, 2019
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Les Lalanne

  • Les Lalanne,
  • Opens: Jan. 24, 2019
  • Closes: Mar. 09, 2019
  • Reception: Jan. 24, 2019
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Works from the Collection of John Ashbery

  • Alex Katz,
  • Jane Freilicher,
  • Helen Frankenthaler,
  • Fairfield Porter,
  • Joe Brainard,
  • Larry Rivers,
  • Group show,
  • Opens: Nov. 01, 2018
  • Closes: Dec. 22, 2018
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Barbary

  • Walton Ford,
  • Opens: Oct. 10, 2018
  • Closes: Dec. 22, 2018
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Brancusi & Duchamp: The Art of Dialogue

  • Constantin Brancusi,
  • Marcel Duchamp,
  • Opens: Sep. 20, 2018
  • Closes: Dec. 22, 2018
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Mural Studies

  • Lee Krasner,
  • Opens: Sep. 13, 2018
  • Closes: Oct. 27, 2018
  • Reception: Sep. 13, 2018
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Lines Thicken: Stuart Davis in Black and White

  • Stuart Davis,
  • Opens: Sep. 13, 2018
  • Closes: Dec. 22, 2018
  • Reception: Sep. 13, 2018
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

SEED - curated by Yvonne Force

  • Theodora Allen,
  • Morgan Blair,
  • Sascha Braunig,
  • Cecily Brown,
  • Ginny Casey,
  • Jessica Craig-Martin,
  • Lacey Dorn,
  • Rachel Feinstein,
  • Vanessa German,
  • Loie Hollowell,
  • Shara Hughes,
  • Baseera Khan,
  • Sanam Khatibi,
  • Kate Klingbeil,
  • Hein Koh,
  • Emily Marie Miller,
  • Wangechi Mutu,
  • Sophia Narrett,
  • Katherina Olschbaur,
  • Yoko Ono,
  • Ebony G. Patterson,
  • Sarah Peters,
  • Ruby Sky Stiler,
  • Claire Tabouret,
  • Ambera Wellmann,
  • Summer Wheat,
  • Robin F. Williams,
  • HieJin Yoo,
  • Lisa Yuskavage,
  • Sarah Zapata,
  • Opens: Jun. 21, 2018
  • Closes: Aug. 10, 2018
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Almost Solid Light: New Work from Mexico

  • Adrián S. Bará,
  • José Davila,
  • Pablo Davila,
  • Cynthia Gutiérrez,
  • Circe Irasema,
  • Valentina Jager,
  • Mario Navarro,
  • Jerónimo Reyes Retana,
  • Gabriel Rico,
  • Javier M. Rodríguez,
  • Claudia Peña Salinas,
  • Federico Pérez Villoro,
  • Tezontle,
  • Fabiola Torres-Alzaga,
  • Alvaro Ugarte,
  • Opens: Jun. 21, 2018
  • Closes: Aug. 10, 2018
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

New Work

  • Elliott Puckette,
  • Opens: Apr. 19, 2018
  • Closes: Jun. 15, 2018
  • Reception: Apr. 19, 2018
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

The Hare is Metaphor

  • Barry Flanagan,
  • Opens: Apr. 18, 2018
  • Closes: Jun. 09, 2018
  • Reception: Apr. 18, 2018
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Paintings from the 1950's

  • Jane Freilicher,
  • Opens: Apr. 18, 2018
  • Closes: Jun. 09, 2018
  • Reception: Apr. 18, 2018
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Oedipus

  • Saint Clair Cemin,
  • Opens: Mar. 08, 2018
  • Closes: Apr. 14, 2018
  • Reception: Mar. 08, 2018
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Fra Angelico / Opus Operantis

  • Robert Polidori,
  • Opens: Mar. 08, 2018
  • Closes: Apr. 14, 2018
  • Reception: Mar. 08, 2018
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Cut Outs

  • Alex Katz,
  • Opens: Mar. 08, 2018
  • Closes: Apr. 14, 2018
  • Reception: Mar. 08, 2018
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Robert Indiana

  • Robert Indiana,
  • Opens: Jan. 18, 2018
  • Closes: Mar. 03, 2018
  • Reception: Jan. 18, 2018
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Landscapes

  • Tina Barney,
  • Opens: Jan. 17, 2018
  • Closes: Mar. 03, 2018
  • Reception: Jan. 17, 2018
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Money Shot

  • Judith Bernstein,
  • Opens: Jan. 18, 2018
  • Closes: Mar. 03, 2018
  • Reception: Jan. 18, 2018
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Umber Paintings

  • Lee Krasner,
  • Opens: Nov. 09, 2017
  • Closes: Jan. 13, 2018
  • Reception: Nov. 09, 2017
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Works on Paper, 1961 – 2009

  • David Hockney,
  • Opens: Nov. 09, 2017
  • Closes: Jan. 13, 2018
  • Reception: Nov. 09, 2017
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Caryatides

  • Bosco Sodi,
  • Opens: Nov. 02, 2017
  • Closes: Jan. 06, 2018
  • Reception: Nov. 02, 2017
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

ONE NIGHT EVENT: Book Signing

  • Tina Barney,
  • Peter Galassi,
  • Opens: Oct. 05, 2017
  • Closes: Oct. 05, 2017
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

The Enormity of the Possible

  • Milton Avery,
  • Charles Burchfield,
  • Stuart Davis,
  • Elie Nadelman,
  • Helen Torr,
  • John Mari,
  • Mark Rothko,
  • Jackson Pollock,
  • Lee Krasner,
  • Gaston Lachaise,
  • Arthur Dove,
  • Oscar Bluemner,
  • Charles Demuth,
  • Opens: Sep. 07, 2017
  • Closes: Oct. 28, 2017
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

The Art of Collage

  • Robert Motherwell,
  • Opens: Apr. 14, 2016
  • Closes: May. 21, 2016
  • Reception: Apr. 14, 2016
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Watercolors

  • Walton Ford,
  • Opens: May. 01, 2014
  • Closes: Jun. 21, 2014
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Life in Death

  • Chaim Soutine,
  • Opens: Apr. 24, 2014
  • Closes: Jun. 14, 2014
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Mute Parade

  • Iván Navarro,
  • Opens: Oct. 26, 2016
  • Closes: Dec. 23, 2016
  • Reception: Oct. 26, 2016
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Works on Paper, 1951 - 1991

  • Robert Motherwell,
  • Opens: Oct. 30, 2014
  • Closes: Jan. 03, 2015
  • Reception: Oct. 30, 2014
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Myth and Math

  • Saint Clair Cemin,
  • Opens: Oct. 30, 2014
  • Closes: Dec. 23, 2014
  • Reception: Oct. 30, 2014
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Four Decades

  • Tina Barney,
  • Opens: May. 07, 2015
  • Closes: Jun. 20, 2015
  • Reception: May. 07, 2015
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Bloodflames Revisited

  • Group show,
  • Opens: Jun. 26, 2014
  • Closes: Aug. 15, 2014
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

New Paintings

  • Jiri Georg Dokoupil,
  • Opens: Jan. 08, 2015
  • Closes: Feb. 07, 2015
  • Reception: Jan. 08, 2015
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

The New York School, 1969: Henry Geldzahler at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

  • Alexander Caler,
  • John Chamberlain,
  • Joseph Cornell,
  • Mark di Suvero,
  • Dan Flavin,
  • Adolph Gottlieb,
  • Hans Hoffman,
  • Donald Judd,
  • Ellsworth Kelly,
  • Roy Lichtenstein,
  • Morris Louis,
  • Robert Morris,
  • Robert Motherwell,
  • Isamu Noguchi,
  • Kenneth Noland,
  • Claes Oldenberg,
  • Jules Olitski,
  • Robert Rauschenberg,
  • James Rosenquist,
  • Frank Stella,
  • Andy Warhol,
  • Opens: Jan. 13, 2015
  • Closes: Mar. 14, 2015
  • Reception: Jan. 13, 2015
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Naturalia

  • Group show,
  • Opens: Jan. 19, 2017
  • Closes: Mar. 04, 2017
  • Reception: Jan. 19, 2017
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

High Speed Drawings

  • James Nares,
  • Opens: Sep. 10, 2014
  • Closes: Oct. 25, 2014
  • Reception: Sep. 10, 2014
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Once Everything Was Much Better Even The Future

  • Nir Hod,
  • Opens: Sep. 11, 2014
  • Closes: Oct. 25, 2014
  • Reception: Sep. 11, 2014
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Copley: Women

  • William N. Copley,
  • Opens: Jan. 26, 2017
  • Closes: Mar. 25, 2017
  • Reception: Jan. 26, 2017
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Drawings, 1962 - 1973

  • William N. Copley,
  • Opens: Jan. 08, 2015
  • Closes: Feb. 07, 2015
  • Reception: Jan. 08, 2015
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

No Kidding

  • Deborah Kass,
  • Opens: Dec. 09, 2015
  • Closes: Jan. 23, 2016
  • Reception: Dec. 09, 2015
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

The Written Trace, curated by Ariella Wolens

  • Group show,
  • Opens: Jun. 25, 2015
  • Closes: Aug. 14, 2015
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

A Moment

  • Santi Moix,
  • Opens: Jun. 23, 2015
  • Closes: Aug. 15, 2015
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Two Rooms

  • Will Ryman,
  • Opens: Sep. 10, 2015
  • Closes: Oct. 17, 2015
  • Reception: Sep. 10, 2015
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Shape as Form

  • Frank Stella,
  • Opens: Sep. 10, 2015
  • Closes: Oct. 10, 2015
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Angles

  • Bernar Venet,
  • Opens: Apr. 28, 2016
  • Closes: Jun. 25, 2016
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Les Lalanne

  • François-Xavier Lalanne,
  • Claude Lalanne,
  • Opens: Mar. 26, 2015
  • Closes: May. 02, 2015
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

The Acephalous Series

  • Laylah Ali,
  • Opens: Mar. 25, 2015
  • Closes: Apr. 25, 2015
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

New Paintings

  • Caio Fonseca,
  • Opens: Mar. 25, 2015
  • Closes: Apr. 25, 2015
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Nyoman Masriadi

  • Nyoman Masriadi,
  • Opens: Apr. 28, 2016
  • Closes: Jun. 18, 2016
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Psyche

  • Saint Clair Cemin,
  • Opens: May. 26, 2016
  • Closes: Aug. 19, 2016
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Celestial Tales

  • Tai Xiangzhou,
  • Opens: Sep. 10, 2015
  • Closes: Oct. 03, 2015
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Lost Downtown

  • Peter Hujar,
  • Opens: Jan. 28, 2016
  • Closes: Feb. 27, 2016
  • Reception: Jan. 28, 2016
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Transboundary

  • Naama Tsabar,
  • Opens: Jul. 12, 2017
  • Closes: Aug. 18, 2017
  • Reception: Jul. 12, 2017
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

We now must say goodbye

  • Taner Ceylan,
  • Opens: Oct. 08, 2015
  • Closes: Oct. 31, 2015
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Blancs

  • Simon Hantai,
  • Opens: Oct. 22, 2015
  • Closes: Dec. 05, 2015
  • Reception: Oct. 22, 2015
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Paramyths, Sculpture 1934 – 1967

  • Max Ernst,
  • Opens: Oct. 22, 2015
  • Closes: Dec. 05, 2015
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Unbalanced

  • Kenneth Noland,
  • Opens: Jan. 28, 2016
  • Closes: Feb. 27, 2016
  • Reception: Jan. 28, 2016
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Morris Louis/Landon Metz

  • Morris Louis,
  • Landon Metz,
  • Opens: Mar. 03, 2016
  • Closes: Apr. 09, 2016
  • Reception: Mar. 03, 2016
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

PORTRAITS

  • James Nares,
  • Opens: Mar. 03, 2016
  • Closes: Apr. 23, 2016
  • Reception: Mar. 03, 2016
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Thermoplastic Flux

  • Roxy Paine,
  • Opens: Sep. 15, 2016
  • Closes: Oct. 22, 2016
  • Reception: Sep. 15, 2016
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Doubletake

  • Ian Davenport,
  • Opens: Sep. 08, 2016
  • Closes: Oct. 22, 2016
  • Reception: Sep. 08, 2016
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Farewell Transmission

  • Roxy Paine,
  • Opens: May. 02, 2017
  • Closes: Jul. 01, 2017
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Arcs

  • Bernar Venet,
  • Opens: Mar. 09, 2017
  • Closes: Apr. 22, 2017
  • Reception: Mar. 09, 2017
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Les Lalanne

  • Les Lalanne,
  • Opens: Mar. 16, 2017
  • Closes: Apr. 22, 2017
  • Reception: Mar. 16, 2017
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

The Art of Whipped Cream

  • Mark Ryden,
  • Opens: May. 20, 2017
  • Closes: Jul. 21, 2017
  • Reception: May. 20, 2017
  • Hours: 4 - 6pm
  • Admission: free

Impasse Ronsin

  • Constantin Brancusi,
  • William N. Copley,
  • Max Ernst,
  • Yves Klein,
  • Les Lalanne,
  • Larry Rivers,
  • Niki de Saint Phalle,
  • Jean Tinguely,
  • Jimmy Metcalf,
  • Opens: Oct. 28, 2016
  • Closes: Jan. 14, 2017
  • Reception: Oct. 27, 2016
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Big Brother: Teaching Staff for a School of Murderers

  • Max Ernst,
  • Opens: Mar. 30, 2017
  • Closes: May. 13, 2017
  • Reception: Mar. 30, 2017
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Farewell Transmission

  • Roxy Paine,
  • Opens: May. 02, 2017
  • Closes: Jul. 01, 2017
  • Reception:
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

The Curators’ Eggs

  • Group show,
  • Opens: Jul. 12, 2017
  • Closes: Aug. 18, 2017
  • Reception: Jul. 12, 2017
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

Early Paintings

  • Robert Motherwell,
  • Opens: Sep. 07, 2017
  • Closes: Oct. 28, 2017
  • Reception: Sep. 07, 2017
  • Hours: 6 - 8pm
  • Admission: free

When

Nov 21 - Jan 11, 2020

  • Reception: Nov 21, 6 - 8pm

Where

Kasmin Gallery

  • 509 West 27th Street, New York NY 10001 Map
  • 212.563.4474

About

Kasmin is delighted to announce an exhibition of seminal work by Keith Sonnier at the gallery’s flagship space in Chelsea, New York, on view between November 21, 2019, and January 11, 2020. Large-scale works from the ongoing series Ba-O-Ba, which the artist began in 1969, utilize large panes of glass and Sonnier’s signature neon tubing in an abstract composition that forms a confluence between the sculpture and the gallery wall and floor. The neon’s linear quality allows the artist to “draw in space” with light and color, transcending the traditional limits of sculpture in an idiosyncratic visual style now inextricably associated with Sonnier. Based on the Greek mathematical theory of the Golden Ratio, the works are quintessential examples of Sonnier’s ability to masterfully synthesize architecture and light, speaking to a formal inventiveness that has defined nearly six decades of work.

Atmospheric and immersive, Louisiana Suite transforms the architectural space of the gallery into a highly sensory physical and visual experience for the viewer. Developing his earlier work with glass, neon, and mirrors, Sonnier seductively employs colored neon and contrasting glass panels—some perfectly transparent, others dramatically opaque—that together reference both stage sets and large-scale architectural installations. Despite their ephemeral incandescence, the ever-present organizing principles of proportion and balance ground the works in a material reality.

Fabricated for the first time since their conception in 1970, and exhibited alongside the original drawings, the works in Louisiana Suite energetically continue the artist’s most renowned series. Their title, Ba-O-Ba, derives from a patois phrase familiar to Sonnier from his upbringing in Louisiana. Translated as “bath of color” or “light bath,” the series relates to a deeply personal bank of memories. The artist recalls: “I was in Haiti once and there was a boat called ‘Ba-O-Ba’. It was the name of a little boat on the beach in the town of Jacmel. And the fisherman told me that he named it ‘Ba-O-Ba’ because he always went out at night to fish by moonlight.” In another memory, Sonnier describes “driving in Louisiana: coming back from a dance late at night and driving over this flat land and seeing these waves of light going up and down in a thick fog.” Incorporating both urban and organic references—flashes along the highway or the way that moonlight might fall on the water’s surface—the works both draw upon and inspire a reverence traditionally reserved for religious experience.

Sculptures from this series have been exhibited worldwide, and many are in the permanent collections of institutions around the world, including the Guggenheim, New York and Guggenheim Abu Dhabi, the National Gallery of Australia, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, MUMOK Vienna, and Kunstverein St. Gallen, Switzerland. They have also formed large-scale architectural installations: Ba-O-Ba Berlin (2002), Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin and Ba-O-Ba Lever House (2003), Park Avenue, New York.

One of the original post-minimalists, Keith Sonnier (b. 1941, Louisiana) came of age in New York in the 1960s alongside artists Bruce Nauman, Richard Tuttle, Eva Hesse, Joel Shapiro, Richard Serra, Jackie Winsor, Lynda Benglis and Barry Le Va. His adoption of the use of incandescent light, specifically neon, in 1968 constituted a shift away from his previously materially diverse work which included latex, electrical transmitters, and satin.


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